Fact checkers, web extensions, journalistic standards... The Fondation Descartes offers you a map of initiatives in France and around the world involved in asserting the quality of information or in fighting against disinformation.
Zotero has set up two free-access digital libraries dealing with our themes: "'Fake News' et Post-Vérité" (Fake News and Post-Truth) and more recently "Infox, épidémies, coronavirus" (misinformation, epidemics, coronavirus). Their bibliography contains links to websites of organizations or institutions that regularly fact-check information, multiple academic studies, audio-visual resources … https://www.zotero.org/groups/2114998/fake-news__post-vrit/items/72B9PYZV/library
Academic resources for journalists
The Journalist's Resource (affiliated with Harvard Kennedy School) aims to bridge the current gap between journalism and academic research by providing accessible summaries of scientific articles. These resources are freely available on their website. They also provide tip sheets and syllabi for journalism professors.
The mission of the Global Network Initiative is a non-governmental organization, with the dual goals of preventing Internet censorship by authoritarian governments and protecting freedom of expression and privacy rights in the ICT industry. Their long-term goal is to set a global standard for responsible company decision making and serving as a multistakeholder voice in the face of government restrictions and demands.
France Médias Monde’s platforms - France 24, RFI and MCD - are dedicated to providing factual information. Impartial, factual reporting fights all kinds of fake news: rumor, propaganda and clickbait. The « Debunked » project by France 24 calls upon commentators to reveal fake photos and videos and gives users the tools to detect fakes themselves. « Fact or Fake » detects and corrects fake news concerning the European Union. And the « InfoMigrants » projects tracks rumors about migrants.
One of the objectives of the Knight Foundation is to invest in quality journalism in order to foster informed and engaged communities, which they consider to be essential for a healthy democracy. They fund initiatives that promote excellence in journalism and build public trust.
Trive claims to solve the problem of fake news for their users for $1 a month. The site offers to assess websites’ reliability by displaying a green or red logo next to their URL.
The Global Disinformation Index (GDI) aims to disrupt, defund and discredit disinformation websites. They collectively work with governments, businesses and members of civil society. They provide policy advice and guidance to key global efforts and institutions to combat disinformation. They offer automated solutions to identify threats in every sector, including the advertising industry. They rely on data science to track emerging pieces of misinformation.
Mediawell is a nonpartisan initiative associated with the Social Science Research Council (SSRC) that seeks to track and curate research on misinformation. Their aim is to consolidate the academic literature on this topic. They summarize the results of academic articles, identify research gaps, and popularize this information so that it can be understood by all: researchers, journalists, and the public. Their endeavor is very similar to ours.
Chrome/Firefox/Opera extension which offers to inform its user about the “safety” of the websites they consult. The mechanism resembles a nudge, since it attempts to modify users’ choice architecture without ever restricting them. The tool does not solely concern news websites and can, for example, inform consumers on the quality of products sold on a website. It is therefore not strictly speaking an anti-fake news initiative. The tool is based on the opinions of users, rather than that of experts. It has been downloaded by more than 140 million Internet users.
Hoaxy is a tool that provides a visualization of the dissemination of an article on social networks and on the Internet.