Promote the need for sincere information for a democracy based on trust

Analyzing How People Orient to and Spread Rumors in Social Media by Looking at Conversational Threads

Arkaitz Zubiaga
04/03/2016

As breaking news unfolds people increasingly rely on social media to stay abreast of the latest updates. The use of social media in such situations comes with the caveat that new information being released piecemeal may encourage rumours, many of which remain unverified long after their point of release. Little is known, however, about the dynamics of the life cycle of a social media rumour. In this paper we present a methodology that has enabled us to collect, identify and annotate a dataset of 330 rumour threads (4,842 tweets) associated with 9 newsworthy events. The study analyses this dataset to understand how users spread, support, or deny rumours that are later proven true or false, by distinguishing two levels of status in a rumour life cycle i.e., before and after its veracity status is resolved. The study shows that rumours that are ultimately proven true tend to be resolved faster than those that turn out to be false. This study reinforces the need for developing robust machine learning techniques that can provide assistance in real time for assessing the veracity of rumours. The findings of our study provide useful insights for achieving this aim.

Topic :  Rumours  
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Format :    
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Edition :  PLOS ONE  
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Country :  United Kingdom 
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Language  :  English 
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